Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math Majors and Degrees

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) encompasses four different but related disciplines. Science majors focus on formal and natural sciences. Technology majors focus on mechanics and production. Engineering majors focus on the designing and building of structures. Math majors focus on principles and equations. However, the STEM field Is multidisciplinary. Engineering majors create designs using mathematics principles, and Computer Science majors combine formal science with technology. These programs offer technical skills valuable across the workforce for those dedicated to the subject matter.

Who might enjoy a Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math program?

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math programs might be an area of interest for you if you’re meticulous, creative, and an avid learner—curious about how things work and research STEM subjects in your free time. If your favorite high school classes are math- or science-related, if you like cooking, gardening, crafting, experimenting, or building your own computers, if you participate in extracurricular activities like Mathletes, Quiz Bowl, or Science Olympiad, or if you enjoy architecture tours or volunteering for environmental cleanup projects, a STEM program might be right for you.

What kinds of classes do Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math majors take?

As you may have guessed, Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math majors mostly take classes in science, technology, engineering, and math! Common classes across disciplines are Organic Chemistry, Genetics, Cell Biology, Linear Algebra, and Computer Science. Depending on your major, you’ll specialize in certain areas. A Marine Biology major should take classes like Marine Biogeochemical Cycles, and an Applied Mathematics major should take classes like Numerical Analysis.

What jobs can a Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math degree prepare you for?

Some of the most sought-after people in the workforce are those with STEM degrees. Once you choose a major, you’d be working toward a specific field. Science majors might work in agriculture or forensic science, or they may become biologists. Technology majors might be hired as software developers or computer programmers. Engineering majors might work in the agricultural, civil, or biomedical engineering fields or become technical writers. Math majors might have careers as statisticians, economists, or teachers.

How long does it take people who major in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math to graduate from college?

It depends on your goals, as well as the AP credits you’re bringing into college. However, a STEM degree typically takes four years. If you wish to work in a leadership position one day, a master’s degree can help you distinguish yourself in the workforce. If obtained separately from your bachelor’s degree, this additional degree might take two or three years. However, some universities offer joint five-year bachelor’s/master’s degree programs.

Are additional degrees needed for related jobs?

Additional degrees aren’t usually required for jobs in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math fields. However, if you wish to work as a researcher or professor in certain STEM fields, you’ll need to obtain an advanced degree.